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Basic terms

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  1. Parasitism
    1. Symbiosis- obligatory, benefit of both
    2. Mutualism- non obligatory, not dependent on each other
    3. Commensalism- one is benefited other neutral
    4. Parasitic-  ones benefit, others loss
  2. Erratic/ aberrant P -elsewhere instead normal location
  3. Incidental/accidental P- elsewhere instead normal host
  4. Temporary P- visits host during some stages of life cycle
  5. Periodic P- whenever need attaches to host
  1. Hyper parasite– parasite of parasite
  2. Host- who harbors  parasite
  3. Definitive/final host- harbors adult stages of parasite
  4. I/M host- harbors larval stages
  5. Paratenic/transpost host-   carries encysted stages of parasites
  6. Facultative P- free or with host
  1. Obligatory- can’t live without host
  2. Endoparasite- within the body
  3. Ectoparasite- on the body
  4. Reservoir host- not get infected but act as source for others
  5. Monoxenous/homoxenous P- develop in one type host
  1. Heteroxenous P- develops in two or more type hosts
  2. Stenoxenous P- narrow host range
  3. Eurexenous P- wide host range
  4. Vector- invertebrate transmitting diseases
  5. Direct life cycle- no I/m stages
  1. Indirect life cycle- involves intermediate stages
  2. Trematodes- flukes
  3. Cestodes- tapworms
  4. Nematodes- roundworms
  5. Acanthocephalan- thorny headed
  1. Operculated eggs- trematodes
  2. Fasciola –             
    1. F. hepatica/ gigantica – liver and bile duct
    2. F. magna– liver
    3. F. buski– small intestine
  3. Plug feeders- immature stages of paramphistomum
  4. Stomach flukes- paramphistomum
  5. Gynaecophoric canal- male of schistosomatidae
  6. Paragonimidae- lung  fluke
  7. Double pored tapeworm of ruminant- Moniezia expansa
  8. Double pored tapeworm of poultry- ctugnia digonopora
  9. Double pored tapeworm of dog- dipylidium caninum
  1. Dumble shaped uterus- Stilesia hepatica
  2. Fringed tapeworm- Thysansoma actinoides
  3. Stilesia hepatica- liver
  4. All other tapeworms- small intestine
  5. Dwarf (smallest ) tapeworm (man)- hymenolepsis nana
  1. Man acts as i/m host
    1. Cystecerus bovis
    2. Cystecercus cellulose
  2. Cystecercus bovis–  Taenia saginata
  3. Cystecercus cellulose- Taenia solium
  4. Coenurus cerebralis– T. multiceps
  5. C. tennuiculis– T. hydatigena
  1. Tapeworms of dog
    1. Dipylidium caninum
    2. Diphylobothriduim latum
    3. Mesocestoides lineatus
    4. Various taenia
  2. Tapeworm of poultry
    1. Davainea proglottina
    2. Rallietina teragona/echinobothridia/ cesticellus
    3. Cotugnia digonophora
    4. Hymanolepsis carioca
    5. Amoebotaenia sphenoides
    6. Choanotaenia infundibulum
  3. Infective stages of nematode
    1. Ascaris/toxocara– L2
    2. Trichuris/capillaria, trichinella- L1
    3. All others- L3
  4. Bursate nematodes
    1. Tristrongylidea
    2. Strongyloidea
    3. Metastrongyloidea
  5. Oesophagial forms
    1. Filariform- all bursate
    2. Bulb- ascaridiodes
    3. Double bulb- oxyuroides
    4. Musculo glandular- Spiruroides and filaroides
    5. Rhabdiformrhabditoidea
  6. Diptera- flies, mosquitoes
  7. Phthiaptera– lice
  8. Siphonaptera- fleas
  9. Hemptera– bed bugs
  10. Culicoides- sweet itch/Queensland itch in horses
  11. Simulium- black flies/buffalognats
  1. Phlebotomus- sandfly
  2. Sandfly- caries Leishmania
  3. Anopheles- carries malaria (plasmodium)
  4. Aedes- yellow fever
  5. Tabanid- robust/horse flies
  1. House fly- musca domestica
  2. Face fly- musca autumnalis
  3. Smallest muscid- haematobia irritans
  4. Horn fly- haematobia irritans
  5. Viviparous- glossina
  6. Myiasis- larvae of dipterans on host
  1. Myiasis-
    1. Facultative- calliphorides
    2. Obligatory- ooestrides
    3. Cutaneous-Lucilia
    4. Nasal- oestrus
    5. Somatic- hypodrma/warbale
  2. Short nosed / largest lousehaematopinus
  3. Long nosed louse- linognathus
  4. Small bluish licesolanopotes
  1. Sucking lice- anoplura
  2. Biting lice- mallophaga
  3. Biting lice of bird
    1. Lipeurus-wing louse
    2. Cuclogester– head louse
    3. Menacanthus- body louse
    4. Goniocotes- fluff louse
    5. Menopon- shaft louse
    6. Goniodes
    7. Columbicola
    8. Holomenopon
  4. Pediculosis- louse infestation
  5. Biting lice of mammal-
    1. Damalinia
    2. Felicola
    3. Trichodectus
    4. Heterodoxus
  6. Fleas of mammals
    1. Ctenocephalidae
    2. Pulex irritans
    3. Spilopsyllus cuniculi
    4. Xenopsylla cheopsis
  7. Fleas of birds
    1. Ceratophyllus gallinae
    2. Echidnophaga gallinacean
  8. Hard ticks- Ixodidae
  9. Soft ticks= argasdae
  10. Castor bean tick- ixodes ricinus
  1. British dog tick- ixodes canisuga
  2. Hedgehog tick- ixodes hexagonus
  3. Bont tick- amblyomma
  4. Blue ticks- boophilus
  5. Bont legged tick- hyalomma
  6. Brown ear tick- Rhipicephalus appendiculatus
  7. Red legged tick- R. evertsi
  1. Fowl tick- argus persicus
  2. Spinose ear tick- otobius magnini
  3. Sand tampans- ornitodoros
  4. Mange- mites
  5. Burrowing mites
    1. Sarcoptes
    2. Notoedres
    3. Knemidocoptes
    4. Demodex
  6. Non-burrowing
    1. Psoroptes
    2. Choroptes
    3. Otodectes
    4. Dermanyssus
  7. Red mite of poultry- dermanyssus gallinae
  8. Tongue worm- linguatula serrata– in respiratory tract
  9. Scaly leg in poultry- Knemmidocoptes mutans
  10. Depluming itch in poultry- K phfallinae

Tell me and I forget. Teach me and I remember. Involve me and I learn. Benjamin Franklin

 

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